Street Children Dilemma

Paradise Lost!_Street Children_Indonesia_02
Paradise Lost!_Street Children_Indonesia_02 (Photo credit: henri ismail)

Street children

The Kenyan Coastal city of Mombasa has become a heaven for street children in the resent years. These children come from various parts of Kenya. Their numbers are increasing rapidly and they have become a great security risk in the city. Those who came to this city in mid 90’s are now grown ups, homeless and jobless.

The term ‘street children’ is used for children experiencing homelessness and who primarily reside on the streets of a city. This kind of living being more less a more permanent state for them.

These children differ in age, gender, ethnicity, social class, and  have had different experiences throughout their life times.

The causes of their misery are varied but are often related to domestic, economic and social disruptions in the families, including, but not limited to poverty, breakdown of homes and/or families, and political unrest.

What kind of life do they live?

They have no any kind of basic sanitation, no running water.

They have no descent clothing, they wear rags.

They have no food or drinks.

These children in street situation are especially vulnerable to violence and abuse. They are denied access to education and excluded from any kind of basic needs.

Menace to society

These children harass passersby by begging and pickpocketing.

The streets in the city, where they ‘live’ are filthy with litter and smelling bad due to lack of sanitation.

They cause damage to environment, and theft, especially of car parts and other petty thefts have increased significantly.

Most of them use drugs like cocaine and become drug addicts at very young age

Public reactions

Due to the above reasons, the public reactions to the street children has been harsh because they are seen as public menace. They are therefore subjected to verbal and physical abuse and even harmed in some cases.

Rights of children

Rights of the child is a moral claim to a specific standard of treatment that others must obey and respect. These are laid down in the UN Convention on The Rights of Children – a legal document that sets out a comprehensive series of rights, social, economic, cultural and political – to which all children are entitled.

Therefore, having said the above, the public ought to realize that these children, who are in an unfortunate situation, are protected by the law and should be careful when handling them.

Writing this article was not meant for making money. However the donation will help me cover my blogging expenses in the long journey  I intend to make advocating for the reforms of the marginalized minority.

Donations can be made via PayPal using the button below.

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Truth Justice and Reconciliation Report

The Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC)

The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission report that Kenyans have been anxiously waiting for is finally out and handed to the President of Kenya. This is the truth telling process that emphasize reconciliation.

The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) was established in Kenya in August, 2009 by the TJRC Act 2008. The act acknowledges that since independence was achieved in this country in 1963, there has occurred gross violations of human rights, abuse of power and misuse of public office. Citizens of this country are therefore wrestling with the question of how to live with these atrocities.

However, during the ongoing wave of democratic transformations, there appear to be a new commitment at both domestic and international levels to bring justice and healing to people who have experienced gross human rights atrocities all these times. Domestically this initiative is in the name of TJRC. This is a welcome move.

Te effectiveness of this commitment will however be judged by the moral and political will to implement the recommendations given – whether in full or in part.

Let us also be mindful that there are some transgressions against Kenyans that cannot be properly addressed by our judicial institutions due to procedural and other hindrances.

Kiba land

Example is the land claim in Kibra by the Nubian community, who know no other home than Kibra. The Nubian community has written a comprehensive presentation to TJRC on the Kibra case.

There are other marginalized communities like the Nubians who have also presented their cases to TJRC.

What remains to be seen is whether people will end up smiling or whether status qua will remain. Let us it for the implementation of the recommendations in the report.

By the way, it is said that if the transgression is a result of error rather than impulse or intent, then the wrongness is not “in” us!

Writing this article as not meant for make money. However, the donation will help me cover my blogging expenses in the long journey I intend to make advocating for the marginalized minority, and engaging in community matters

Donations can be made via PayPal using the button below.


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The Bill of Rights and the Marginalised People

The Bill of Rights

The new constitution of Kenya has a comprehensive chapter on the bill of rights in Chapter 4.

The bill of rights plays a central role in Kenyan law and governance and remains a fundamental symbol of the freedoms of culture of the nation.

It is integral part of Kenya democratic state and is the framework for social, economic and cultural policies.

Chapter 4 of the constitution, in part, stipulates that:

. State organs and all public offices have the duty to address the needs of the vulnerable groups within the society including members of the minority or marginalised communities.

. That minority and marginalized groups participate in governance and other spheres of life. – This is what the new constitution of Kenya says.

So as to make matters more easier for the disadvantaged minority groups, the constitution provides for a number of special seats for the marginalized in the county governments. This was to be done through political parties lists of nominees for the county assemblies.

But contrary to that, what happened during the process was that the political parties disregarded the constitution and and the fundamental rights of the diwsadvantaged, thus many such communities did not find their way in the parties lists published by the Indipendent Electoral and Boundaries Commission ( IEBC ), and completely missed out on these opportunities. The political parties completely ndisregarded them in the nomination process.

This is unfair to the marginalized groups and is a major blow to the principles of equality. It infringes the constitution and the fundamental rights.

One such community, whose hopes has been dashed is the marginalized Nubian community scattered in several parts of Kenya, and whose ancestral home is Kibra, in the neighborhood of the city of Nairobi.

( see more on the history of Nubians by visiting my website ).

The community has petitioned Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) expressing the community’s concern over this matter, and is awaiting response.

The problems the community is going through need representation.

Writing this article was never about making money. However, the donation I ask for will help me cove my blogging expenses in the long journey I intend to make advocating for the reforms of the marginalized  minority, and also engaging in community matters.

Donation can be made via PayPal using the button below.