Maintenance and Profitability

Profitability

Profitability is directlt linked to Maintenance Engineering among other things.

Industrial organisations exist to make profit, they use equipment and employ labour to convert raw material of relatively low value into finished products of higher value. Take an example of petroleum oil processing plant where crude oil of relatively low value is converted to a range of finished products of much higher value – petrol, diesel, aviation fuel, etc.

One way of considering the profitability of a plant is on a life cycle basis. Investment on a plant occurs from its conception to its commissioning. If all goes well, the return on that investment begins when the plant comes into use and continues until the plant is disporsed of.

To maximise profit, the lead time from conception to first use should be as small s possible, while the operating life and total return should be as large as possible.

Such aims may be obvious but their achievement is difficult – the main reason being uncertainty, uncertainty about continuing product demand, uncertainty about obsolescence, uncertainty about reliability and life cycle costs.

However, during the last few decades, there has been considerable continued development of technology and techniques for assessing plant reliability, and life cycle costs, which influence the choice of plant. Another factor affecting life cycle profitability, which is of growing importance is maintenance.

Te dependance of life cycle profitability on availability and hence on maintenance has greatly increased as plants become larger and more sophisticated.

 

Writing this article was never meant for making money. However, donation will help me cover my blogging expenses in the long journey I intend to make advocating for the reforms of the marginalized minority, and engaging in community matters.

Donation can be made via PayPal using the button below.

 

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Maintenance Engineering

The discipline and profession of applying the concept of engineering to the optimization of plant equipment , procedures, costing of budgets to achieve better online reliability and availability of equipment is known as Maintenance Engineering.

An appreciation of the full implication of maintenance is something that has come to industry in the recent decades. Official recognition of the gravity of the problems of maintenance and its effect on industry’s profitability is now well understood.

Maintenance question has attracted the interest of many both from industry and academic world, and has obviously influenced the attitudes and actions of the industry.

Today, where profitability is lways ‘ marginal ‘, effective maintenance planning and life cycle¬† costs are considered to be very important.

Elements of Maintenance management

The elements of maintenance management are:

  1. Understanding the functions
  2. Decidinhe objectives
  3. Forecasting
  4. Planning
  5. Schduling
  6. Organising

Maintenace and Maintenace Engineering is increasing in importance due to size and complexity of the modern plants, systems, machies and infrastructure, which require a host of personnel and related systems required to maintain them.

The Bill of Rights and the Marginalised People

The Bill of Rights

The new constitution of Kenya has a comprehensive chapter on the bill of rights in Chapter 4.

The bill of rights plays a central role in Kenyan law and governance and remains a fundamental symbol of the freedoms of culture of the nation.

It is integral part of Kenya democratic state and is the framework for social, economic and cultural policies.

Chapter 4 of the constitution, in part, stipulates that:

. State organs and all public offices have the duty to address the needs of the vulnerable groups within the society including members of the minority or marginalised communities.

. That minority and marginalized groups participate in governance and other spheres of life. – This is what the new constitution of Kenya says.

So as to make matters more easier for the disadvantaged minority groups, the constitution provides for a number of special seats for the marginalized in the county governments. This was to be done through political parties lists of nominees for the county assemblies.

But contrary to that, what happened during the process was that the political parties disregarded the constitution and and the fundamental rights of the diwsadvantaged, thus many such communities did not find their way in the parties lists published by the Indipendent Electoral and Boundaries Commission ( IEBC ), and completely missed out on these opportunities. The political parties completely ndisregarded them in the nomination process.

This is unfair to the marginalized groups and is a major blow to the principles of equality. It infringes the constitution and the fundamental rights.

One such community, whose hopes has been dashed is the marginalized Nubian community scattered in several parts of Kenya, and whose ancestral home is Kibra, in the neighborhood of the city of Nairobi.

( see more on the history of Nubians by visiting my website www.fancywriter.com ).

The community has petitioned Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) expressing the community’s concern over this matter, and is awaiting response.

The problems the community is going through need representation.

Writing this article was never about making money. However, the donation I ask for will help me cove my blogging expenses in the long journey I intend to make advocating for the reforms of the marginalized  minority, and also engaging in community matters.

Donation can be made via PayPal using the button below.

Origin of The Nubians

Who are the Nubians?

English: African black Nubian woman, Egyptian ...
English: African black Nubian woman, Egyptian Sudan 3/4 lgth., standing, facing right. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Nubians are non-Arab Muslim tribes from the Nubia region in Sudan. This is an area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Dongola in northern Sudan.

Most Nubian groups speak their own dialect of the Nubian language mixed with Arabic, (Arabic being the common language of business and trade in Sudan).

Although this group of people essentially speak different languages, they are identical in social, economic and cultural organization. This was the reason why those of them who relocated to East Africa – i.e. in Kenya, Uganda and parts of Tanzania found it easy to identify themselves as Nubians with one common language,(Nubian language).

Nubian lives

The Nubians are traditionally settled farmers. They are characterized mostly by dark skin. Although some of them have what might be called “Arab” or ” Mediterranean ” features, while the others have more ” Central African ” features.

Clearly they are not and never were ” pure race “. Since from ancient times they have intermingled with people from both northern Sudan and southern Egypt.

The Nubians are unified however by their strong cultural allegiance, by their language and by recognition that they are people with a very ancient and glorious past.

 

Writing this article was not meant for making money. However, the donation will help me cover my blogging expenses in the long journey I intend to make advocating for the reforms of the marginalized minority, and engaging in community matters .

Donation can be made via PayPal using the button below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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