Modern day Slavery – Denial of Basic Human Rights

English: Saudi Arabia
English: Saudi Arabia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Forced labor in the Middle East.
Recent news in one of kenyan daily news paper regarding injustices done to workers from Kenya in Saudi Arabia is shocking and disgusting. The report allege that an international human trafficking ring is collaborating with some employees of some middle east embassies in Kenya to recruit unsuspecting Kenyans for jobs in Saudi Arabia. The criminal network is actually sending these people to forced labor. The cartel lure the victims by placing advertisements of well paying job opportunities in those countries.
In the recent past, scores of Kenyans have fallen prey to these crooks.
The reports about the forced labor came out after several incidents of human right abuse were reported to the Kenya government by the relatoves of the victims. Some deaths of victims were also reported in the last two years. But unfortunately the Kenya government has so far not taken the matters seriously. Who then can shield the Kenyans from this kind of abuse?
Why Kenyan youths take the risk .
Youths are easy prey because of serious unemployment on the country. The number of unemployed youths in Kenya has grown so much. Hence the increasing number of poor and excluded people who are at threatening end of the human right violations.
The policy of exclusion practiced by those in authority is not spoken, but os never the less building with respect to social disparities caused by poverty and unemployment of literate youth, which remain a political time bomb of numbers running into millions.

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The Sufferings of The Minority Communities

What sufferings do the marginalized / minority groups experience?

Marginalized or minority groups suffer mainly from discrimination, be it social, economical, infringement of rights etc. ( exclusion from government services, programs and policies ).  Material deprivation ( such as food, shelter ) is another common cause of suffering. Ensuing poverty, psycho emotional damage and its resulting deceases, often result, in catastrophic damage to lives, health and psychiatry.

How does one get out of this “slavery” ?

The answer is “struggle”. However, before you start the struggle, challenging the authorities, the community has to first of all have an accurate assessment of who they are and where they are, and where they want to be.

  1.  They have to have full trust of themselves
  2. They have to believe that all nations, and for that matter, all communities are made up of people of diverse background; putting these diversities to use will help uplift the community.
  3. Each one must learn to respect the strength of their diversity.
  4. And that for a community the power lies not in its numbers, but in the diverse skills and resources of its members.
  5. There are elements to which we must adhere to succeed as a community :
  • .Always be united, unity is crucial to delivering a clear message to your opponent ( authorities concerned )
  • Maintain your identity as a people and be proud of your culture.
  • Engage constructively with authorities without resorting to militancy, as militancy only begets militancy.
  • Use existing law to deliberate your issues.
  • In extreme cases, internationalize your issues. Use international organizations to apply pressure on your government.

Lastly, but not the least, after fulfilling all the above, then go ahead and start your challenge!



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Access to New Media by Minority Groups

English: Professor Alex Jones (Harvard Kennedy...
English: Professor Alex Jones (Harvard Kennedy School) giving a lecture about the role of media in social change. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Marginalized / minority groups are urged to use new technology to drive social change

The marginalized / minority tribes in Kenya, and indeed all over Africa and the World are urged to use the new technology to connect with people internationally to fight and drive away the social evil they are facing in the name of marginalization.

Through community forums these groups could use the technologies which include mobile platforms and the internet which can now be used for promoting democratic practices, civic participation, learning, and youth empowerment. Also can be used for economic and social entrepreneurship among other issues.

Empower young people

The communities should put more emphasis on young people who are particularly receptive to new technologies and adopt to its demands with clarity when given the chance.

Youth can use the technology to engage in human right activities.


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Marginalised Groups / Tribes

What is it being marginalized or what is marginalization?

In sociology marginalization is the social process of becoming or being relegated to the fringe of society.

Many communities experience marginalization all over the world. For example marginalization of Aboriginal community in Australia is a product of colonization; as a result, Aboriginal community lost their land and were forced into destitute areas. They lost whatever source of income they were getting and were excluded from their rights.

On the other hand, today, especially in Africa, various communities continue to be marginalized from society due to the developments of practices, policies and programs that meet the needs of influential people in the government or from the major tribes, and not the needs of the marginalized groups themselves. As a result the marginalized people are denied basic human rights and even citizenship status. These communities are seen as ” undeserving foreigners “.

Can a community come out of this problem? And how?

Yes is the answer. I am a firm believer that a marginalized community can do a  lot to free themselves from this discriminatory situation.

It is said that attributes of  wisdom include being able to take initiative. And that every action you take today is a seed for tomorrow.

Having said that, I would like to single out one marginalized group in Kenya who have been neglected by the government of Kenya for decades. This community, the Nubian community, has woken up and are challenging the government for their rights. The community has realized that they cannot afford any longer to wake up in the morning and take life as it comes, and go to sleep at night not knowing whether they made any progress that day or not. Which is called existing, not living. They felt that there is need to learn how to plan for future life. The community realized that if they can plan, they can fulfill their destinies.

The struggle against marginalization

Over the last decade, two bodies were formed by the Nubian community to fight for their rights. The Kibra Land Committee and The Nubian Council of Elders were formed to pursue the twin issues of Nubian ethnic recognition and the land rights in Kibra.

The struggle on the formal Nubian recognition was internationalized through media, Human Right bodies and the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of Child (ACERWC).

The struggle on the ethnic recognition was successful after ACERWC, in its ruling found the Kenya government had violated Chapter 6 of the African Charter provision protecting the rights of children to nationality. The committee then made recommendations to the government of Kenya to correct the situations.

Strategic Planning

The community felt that drastic changes were required to be able to transform, but what does it entail?

First, to begin the process of transformation the community must have an accurate assessment of who they are, where they are and who they want to be. It was established that the community problem was mainly lack of vision.

Therefore to have any meaningful transformation, the community decided to use the analytical method of assessment, SWOT, ( Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunity and Threats ).

With this method it is possible to define success for different areas of life, financial, social, economical and even spiritual. Once this has been done, the next thing is to take each area and come up with the demands that each area will require.

What are the skills needed to develop? What are the relationships needed to cultivate? What are the investments needed to make?

Lastly, but not the least, it should be realized that many visions do not come to pass because even though the vision is good, people are not able to pay the price to bring it to pass.

Every vision comes with a price tag. The ability to pay the price will determine how probable your chances of succeeding are. You need to define what you need to see and the timelines to assure you that you are making progress. This is vital so you don’t just engage in motions without progress.